What I Believe

◼︎MY PERSONAL JOURNEY

This is my first post of 2021, so Happy New Year to All!

2020 is finally gone and Trump will soon follow. I’m grateful for both but this doesn’t change anything fundamentally. The pandemic continues, as does unemployment, hunger, racism and myriad other problems, all of which I will be talking about here at this blog.

I don’t fit into a neat tidy box. My interests and world view are eclectic and this blog reflects that. To some it might all seem contradictory. So for friends and strangers alike who read these pages, before diving into the weeds this year I thought I’d step back and give you the 10,000-foot aerial view of my perspectives.

  • What is the nature of reality?
  • Where does all the trouble in our world come from and what’s the answer?
  • And knowing that things won’t change immediately, how do we find personal peace?

I’ve never believed that any one person, philosophy, doctrine, ideology or religion possesses all truth or can explain all things. I guess I’d be a lousy conspiracy theorist.

I see life as multidimensional. No single line of thought alone, no matter how persuasive or thorough, can account for all the variables. I don’t view the world as black and white. Reality is diverse and complex. I believe there are both material and spiritual realms.

The Material Realm

I’ll begin with the material realm because this matters most. The material world is where society’s problems are and it’s only here that we can resolve them.

Our lives on planet Earth exist in the material realm. The universe, galaxies, this planet and everything on it are all subject to material forces, most basic among these are the laws of nature and the laws of physics. Although our knowledge and understanding changes over time through scientific investigation, objective reality exists regardless whether we’re aware or approve. The law of gravity, for instance, existed before Newton discovered and documented its properties. Gravity is absolute. We can’t wish it away or believe it away. We can temporarily alter its effects with artificial weightlessness, but this doesn’t change the fundamental fact of gravity.

Karl Marx

I believe that human society is likewise subject to material forces — specifically class forces. My political orientation is primarily Marxist which is rooted in a materialist conception of reality.

George Novack details the essential principles underlying this view in The Origins of Materialism: The Evolution of a Scientific View of the World [Amazon, Pathfinder Press] page 22. He writes,

    1. The basic proposition of materialism refers to the nature of reality, regardless of the existence of mankind. It states that matter is the primordial substance, the essence, of reality. Everything comes from matter and its movements and is based upon matter. This thought is expressed in the phrase: “Mother Nature.” This signifies in materialist terms that nature is the ultimate source of everything in the universe from the galactic systems to the most intimate feelings and boldest thoughts of homo sapiens.
    2. The second aspect of materialism covers the relations between matter and mind. According to materialism, matter produces mind and mind never exists apart from matter. Mind is the highest product of material development and animal organization and the most complex form of human activity.
    3. This means that nature exists independently of mind but that no mind can exist apart from matter. The material world existed long before mankind or any thinking being came into existence. As Feuerbach said: “The true relation of thought to Being is this; Being is subject, thought is predicate. Thought springs from Being, but Being does not spring from thought.”
    4. This precludes the existence of any God, gods, spirits, souls or other immaterial entities which are alleged to direct or influence the operations of nature, society and the inner man.

I stand on these principles, except I need to dissect Point #4 a bit. I’ll do so in the next section.

Human beings are material, having evolved over millennia since our early ancestors emerged from the sea. We and other species have evolved with varied physical forms, brains and abilities. All this has been shaped by the surrounding physical environment. Those physical forms that adapted survived. Those that didn’t perished.

Human societies are adaptions to the surrounding physical environment. They’re organized primarily for purpose of survival — for obtaining food and shelter. The ideas arising in human minds, which is a physical organ, are shaped by the material world. When humans were still figuring out fire and tools there were no thoughts of crop rotation, mathematics or space travel. The material conditions for such concepts didn’t exist yet. The organizational forms and structures of society at a given time are likewise rooted in the prevailing material conditions at that time.

This is to say, therefore, that human thought, society and the dynamics of human interaction are all rooted in material conditions.

As humans evolved and technology advanced beyond basic survival — beyond just hunting and killing for the day — there came to be social divisions where some controlled and directed production while others performed the actual production. Class-divided society arose. In feudal society, there was a king or queen, a noble class, and a peasant class tied to the land. Eventually technological advancement required that people move from place to place to work. The feudal system with peasants and slaves tied to the land became an obstacle to human advancement and was overthrown. Capitalism arose to replace it and a mobile working class was born.

Class Struggle. The key word here is class. Capitalism is a class-divided system. It’s obviously a huge advancement over feudalism, but under capitalism people still remain divided by class. As such, there is a competition between the classes. To put it simply, the working class wants more pay and better benefits for producing X-number of widgets while the employing class wants to pay less in order to maximize profit. Profit is often justified as due reward because the employer and investors are risking their money. Yet it’s the workers, not the employers, who many times are literally risking life and limb each hour of the day. This perpetual tension is the class struggle.

I believe this class struggle permeates society and impacts every aspect of our lives and our relationships with each other. It effects where we live, what we eat, where we go to school, what jobs are open to us, what level of healthcare we get, what our children’s opportunities will be — everything.

The class struggle is the motor force driving history. I also believe that class-divided society is inherently and irrevocably unjust. Capitalism was once a positive force helping advance humanity out of darkness. It brought us out of the agrarian age into the industrial and technological age. We now have the knowledge and ability to create the things that people need to live and thrive, yet the inherent inequities of capitalism deny access to billions across the planet. Capitalism has exhausted its progressive character. Feudalism was thrown aside, and now so must capitalism. It’s time to advance to the next stage of human evolution, socialism.

James P. Cannon, an early leader of the Socialist Workers Party in the United States, said it succinctly. “A genuine rectification of the gross inequalities and injustices of capitalism is to be attained only by the development of these [class] struggles to their logical and inevitable climax — the revolutionary overthrow of capitalism.”

Socialism and Human Nature. I’m often told that socialism is impossible because of human nature. It would seem that greed, selfishness and violence are hardwired into our DNA and are unalterable. In response I point again to materialism. I believe people are shaped by the environment they live in. A person growing up in deep poverty surrounded by violence and drugs is likely to be different than someone raised with great wealth in a gated community. Someone raised in an Amish community will probably have a demeanor and values quite different than someone raised near the beach in San Diego. Human societies and cultures have varied widely throughout history. If our nature and impulses were controlled by a fixed human DNA, these variations wouldn’t be possible.

Capitalism rules the day at this point in history so there aren’t many living examples of socialism to examine, but there is one: Cuba. The Cuban Revolution has survived over 60 years against the U.S. embargo and countless other hardships. It serves as a powerful example to the world of what humans are capable of, and how human nature can rise above selfishness and greed.

I looked at Cuba in depth in 2016 on my old blog. In Fidel Castro & the Cuban Revolution I detailed what Cuba has accomplished and responded point-by-point to many of the criticisms heard in capitalist society about Cuba. I encourage you to check out — but due to limitations of that old blog platform I suggest using a desktop or laptop.

The Spiritual Realm

Presence & Mindfulness. When I refer to “spirituality,” most often I’m referring to our own consciousness in the here & now, not to something mystical.

I believe that most people die without ever having lived. As life unfolds before us, we’re endlessly distracted. We’re forever rehashing the past or anticipating the future. And once that future actually arrives, we miss it because we’re busy thinking about the next future.

Life is what is happening right now, right here, in this present moment.

This form of spirituality is the process of being present and awake to this moment now — which is the only place that life really exists. The past is a mental memory, and the future is imaginary. It’s a daydream of what might come to be, but hasn’t yet. It’s not real.

This is not to say that past and future are not important. They are. We learn from history and we need to plan, organize and build for the future. That’s rational intellectual thinking. It’s essential for survival and advancement. I’m referring instead to the obsessive and usually unconscious preoccupation with past and future, often experienced as rumination, regret and worry.

A key practice for becoming present and mindful is meditation. It’s a practice that goes back centuries and is usually associated with Buddhism, but it can be completely secular. No religious or similar belief is necessary. And unlike the man pictured here meditating, you can even sit in a chair!

If this interests you, I have a section on my website — Life 2.0 — with extensive information and videos.

The Other Side. There is another side to the spiritual realm that one could call otherworldly, supernatural or mystical. Choose your word. This is the spiritual realm that most Marxists and materialists reject, and I used to as well. That changed when I felt I had personally witnessed and experienced things that I can’t explain otherwise.

Before going further I need dissect Point #4 from the defining principles of materialism that George Novack listed above. I partially agree and partially disagree. He writes,

“[The principles outlined preclude] the existence of any God, gods, spirits, souls or other immaterial entities which are alleged to direct or influence the operations of nature, society and the inner man.”

My disagreement is limited to just the first part of his sentence where he asserts that materialism “precludes the existence” of gods, spirits, etc.

I freely concede that I cannot prove the existence of this spiritual realm. My evidence is anecdotal and subjective. If indeed it exists, this spiritual realm stands apart from the material realm — after all, it’s spiritual! Consequently it cannot be observed or measured by any conventional scientific method available to us. No one, myself included, can be absolutely certain it exists. So I understand and accept skepticism. I worry about people who aren’t skeptical!

What I find unreasonable is an adamant rejection of even the possibility. We can’t know absolutely that it exists, but likewise we can’t know absolutely that it doesn’t. To close one’s mind entirely in the name of science strikes me as decidedly unscientific. What’s to explore if we reject even consideration of anything we don’t already know or doesn’t fit our preconceptions? The failure or inability to prove something scientifically isn’t in itself proof that it doesn’t exist. You can’t prove a negative.

Continuing on Novack’s Point #4, I do agree with the second part of the sentence that I’ve highlighted in italics. Which brings me to this critical caveat:

  • I see the two realms, material and spiritual, as coexisting but not interacting. I believe they are completely separate and independent. That is to say I believe all human affairs on Earth are strictly material as I’ve described. I do not believe in divine intervention. So I agree with Novack when he writes there are no “immaterial entities which are alleged to direct or influence the operations of nature, society and the inner man.”

Unfortunately a full discussion of this “mystical” side of the spiritual realm and how I came believe needs a whole new post of its own. It’s a lot to cover! For my purposes today I can say this much:

  • Even if we could definitively prove the existence of this spiritual realm, I don’t believe any living human is capable of understanding it. For lack of a better word, it’s a “dimension” beyond our comprehension. We can’t really see it. At best we can get hints or glimpses — if we’re open to the perception. We might know there’s something, but we can’t really know what. I use this analogy: A 5-year-old watching the news can understand soldiers and battles, but he’s not capable of understanding the history and complex geopolitical forces that led to a war.
  • Experiences have persuaded me that consciousness or being continues after death. To some extent, if needed, this consciousness can make itself recognizable in the personality of the person. In what form and to what purpose this consciousness exists — where it hangs out — I have no idea.
  • At the same time, I do not believe in “God,” per se, or in any organized religion. These are man-made concepts. Organized religions are human bureaucratic institutions with extensive commandments, rules, policies and procedures that I think have long ago lost any true connection to spirit and spirituality.

This Blog in 2021

The New Look

Being a new year I thought that Just Sayin’ 2.0 needed a fresh look. I hope you like the new layout and appearance.

The beliefs and principles I’ve outlined are the foundation for much of what I’ll be covering here throughout 2021 and beyond. I’ll be continuing much as I’ve done already, but perhaps with a harder edge politically. The Trump presidency, the implosion of the Republican Party and splintered factionalism of the Democratic Party are signs that the capitalist system is unraveling — and working people are paying the price. Rhetoric aside, neither party represents the interests of working people like you and me. Instead they both represent the employing class or “ruling class.” The chaotic mess they’re in reflects the crisis of capitalism. Yet for all the negativity dominating mainstream news, there are encouraging signs within the working class that CNN and the rest ignore. We’ll look at that here.

Stress, depression and anxiety have become epidemic in this year of lockdown, isolation, unemployment and illness. I will present information about mindfulness and meditation. Even as we fight to make a better world, we don’t need to be miserable day to day. Life is something to cherish and celebrate even when the chips are down.

In addition there will be on more on this, that & the other — and I’ll definitely continue to focus frequently on the history, issues and political struggles of the LGBT community.

These themes are represented in the title image I assembled for this post. I invite you to check in from time to time, and please comment. Let’s have a discussion.


This post was revised on January 14, 2021, to expand and clarify some points.


Title image: Compilation red flag, rainbow flag & meditating person (CosmoVector/shutterstock.com).
Karl Marx image is Public Domain by John Jabez Edwin Mayal from the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Meditating man image is by Tumisu from Pixabay.
Man climbing to heaven image is by Honey Kochphon Onshawee from Pixabay.


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